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Renal Failure Nursing Care

Our nurses are experienced in providing a complete range of nursing care specializations which includes:

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Renal Failure Nursing Care

Our nurses are experienced in providing a complete range of nursing care specializations which includes:

[contact-form-7 id="21884" title="Final Form - Nursing Care - SEO"]

Nursing Care Of Renal Failure At Home

Kidney failure is also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When your kidneys fail, it means that it has stopped working well enough for you to conduct normal kidney functions and survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.

kidney failure is most commonly caused by other health issues that cause permanent damage (harm) to kidneys little by little, over time.

When kidneys are damaged, it may not work as well as it should. If the damage continues and worsens, then kidneys are less and less able to do their job, and you have kidney failure. Kidney failure is the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease. This is why kidney failure is also called ESRD, end-stage renal disease.

Diabetes, being the most common cause of ESRD. High blood pressure is the second most common cause and Other problems that might cause kidney failure include:

Urinary tract problems

 

  • Genetic diseases (diseases you are born with), such as polycystic kidney disease
  • Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and IgA nephropathy
  • Nephrotic syndrome

     

Sometimes the kidneys can stop working suddenly, that is, within two days or so. Then, This type of kidney failure is called acute renal failure or acute kidney injury. Common causes of acute renal failure include:

 

  • Heart attack
  • Illegal drug use and drug abuse
  • Improper blood flow to kidneys
  • Urinary tract problems

     

This type of kidney failure is not permanent. Kidneys may go back to normal or almost normal with treatment if you do not have other serious health problems.

Having one of the health problems does not mean that you will definitely have kidney failure. Working with your doctor and living a healthy lifestyle to control these health problems can help your kidneys function well for as long as possible.

Kidney failure usually gets worse slowly, and symptoms may not appear until your kidneys are badly damaged. In the late stages, as you are nearing kidney failure (ESRD) you may notice symptoms, that are caused by extra fluid and water building up in your body.

 

Notice for following symptoms, if your kidneys are beginning to fail:

 

  • Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine
  • Itching
  • Swelling in your feet and ankles
  • Trouble catching your breath or breathlessness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Not feeling hungry
  • Trouble sleeping

     

If your kidneys stop working suddenly (acute kidney failure), you may notice the following symptoms:

 

  • Back pain
  • Fever
  • Nosebleeds
  • Abdominal (belly) pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Rash
  • Vomiting

     

If you notice any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor right away because having one or more of the above-mentioned symptoms may be a sign of serious kidney problems.

Kidney failure is broadly classified into two types, acute kidney failure, and chronic kidney failure.

Acute kidney failure


Acute kidney failure is sudden damage to the kidneys. In many cases, it is short term but in some people, it may proceed to long-term chronic kidney injury.

The causes are:

 

  • People who have chronic kidney disease are at increased risk of acute kidney injury.
  • damage to the actual kidney tissue caused by the drug, radioactive dye or severe infection
  • obstruction to urine passage, because of kidney stones or an enlarged prostate.

     


Chronic kidney failure


Usually if not treated initially, kidney function worsens over a number of years. This is known as chronic kidney failure. Sometimes it can progress to kidney failure also called end-stage kidney disease,  which requires kidney transplant or dialysis.

There are different causes :

 

  • Growth of cysts in kidneys, polycystic kidney disease
  • damage to blood vessels due to high blood pressure and diabetes
  • attack on the kidney tissue by the immune system (glomerulonephritis) or disease
  • damage due to the backward flow of urine into the kidneys such as in reflux nephropathy congenital abnormalities of kidney or urinary tract.

If the person is having a kidney failure (end-stage renal disease or ESRD), you will need a kidney transplant or dialysis to live. Many people live long lives while on dialysis or after having a kidney transplant, but there is no cure for kidney failure.

 

There are only a few options for treating kidney failure, including several types of dialysis and kidney transplant. Your doctor can help you figure out which treatment suits you the best.

 

The nursing care plan of treating patients with renal failure is to eliminate or correct any reversible causes of kidney failure. Providing support by taking accurate measurements of intake and output, maintain proper electrolyte balance and monitor vital signs.

 

Here are six nursing diagnosis and nursing care plans (NCP) for patients with renal failure:

 

  • Risk for Infection
  • Excess Fluid Volume
  • The risk for Decreased Cardiac Output
  • The risk for Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements
  • The risk for Deficient Fluid Volume
  • Deficient Knowledge
  • Other Possible Nursing Care Plans

 

Subjective Data:

 

  • Muscle twitches and cramps
  • Peripheral edema
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Persistent itching
  • Urinary frequency, nocturia
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

 

Objective Data:

 

  • Poorly controlled hypertension
  • Decreased mental agility
  • Swelling of feet and ankles
  • Weight gain
  • Elevated serum creatinine
  • The nurse will call any abnormal creatinine and BUN results to the md.
  • The nurse will monitor the patient intake and output in every shift.
  • The nurse if needed per md order will place a catheter to monitor urinary output more closely.
  • The nurse will also weigh the patient daily.
  • The nurse will educate the patient about limiting salt intake by discharge and the importance of daily weights
  • The nurse will educate the patient about foods which contain high salt intake, so to avoid by discharge.
  • The nurse will educate the patient about how hemodialysis works before the patient is on dialysis.
  • The nurse will assess the patient’s peripheral edema every shift.
  • The nurse will monitor the patient’s urinary output every shift.

 

EXERCISES

 

Choose continuous exercise such as, swimming, walking, bicycling indoors or outdoors, skiing, aerobic dancing or any other activities in which you have to move large muscle groups continuously.

 

Low-level strengthening exercises will also be beneficial. Design your program to use low weights and high repetitions.

CARE-24 brings world-class standards of medical expertise to you and your employees, should they need it. Our Clinics can be accessed directly.

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Frequently Asked questions

  • When recovering from an illness or surgery, you look forward to returning to your own home and recuperating in an environment where you are comfortable, relaxed and safe. This is made possible with our in-home nursing services.
  • Care needs of those who are advanced in age and are unable to take care of themselves can be an overwhelming task for the rest of the family members. This often leads to the thought that a nursing home/care home is the only practical option left.
  • Complex care needs might make one want to consider moving to a nursing home to recover under the watch of trained professionals. Our in-home nursing services can help you recover in the comfort of your own home.
    Our in-home nursing services will help smoothen-out the transition from Hospital to Home
  • Recovery in familiar surroundings, surrounded by family, is proven to be quicker
  • Our nurses take care of your complex needs while helping you maintain your independence, lifestyle and daily routine.
  • Home care nursing helps those advanced in age too; for them home is where all their memories are, where their children and grand-children live. It is the place they feel needed and loved.
    With our home care nursing services, you can provide the best care for your loved one in the family home, without making any extra demands of your family members.

Care24’s trained nurses provide high quality home care nursing services for hospital like care at home. Whether you are looking for simple support in doing everyday tasks when recovering or need complex care that can be daunting for family members to undertake. Our nurses are highly trained medical professionals capable of providing hospital-like care in the comfort of your own home.

Our nurses are experienced in providing a complete range of nursing care specializations:

  • Taking medicines on time, monitoring blood pressure and other vitals, and fixing a diet plan
  • Oral and personal hygiene, feeding and bathroom assistance, or assistance with mobility
  • Caring and dressing wounds, handling IV infusions and other medical equipment, emptying catheter bags, colostomy bags and bed pans
  • Our nurses (females) or brothers (males) are highly qualified, experienced, and capable of providing hospital like nursing care in the comfort of your own home. All our Nurses go through a rigorous background check, a written exam and trained in all medical procedures that are listed below to ensure you get expert & professional in-home nursing services.
  • Our Nurses are medically qualified with BSc, GNM, or ANM degrees, and many years of experience with leading hospitals. Since each case is unique and may require specific skills, we also ensure that we identify and deploy which nurse will be best for your need.
  • Our nurses and brothers are discreet, and sensitive to the emotional and physical needs of the patient and other family members. Our Nurses are familiar with following a physician’s instructions when caring for a patient and empathic to offer encouragement and support to those who require our nursing care services.

You can fill a request form on our website or download our app and simply click a button to request a Nurse.

Provide us with medical details of the patient who needs nursing care, the tasks the nurse needs to do, the duration for which you need our in-home nursing services and your preferences of gender or language if any.

Our team will connect with you to confirm your requirement and send a nurse to take care of the patient. All our nurses are uniformed and carry identification to help you know that you are indeed letting a trained professional from Care24 into your home.