Nursing Care For Arthritis

Our nurses are experienced in providing a complete range of nursing care specializations which includes: 

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Nursing Care For Arthritis


Our nurses are experienced in providing a complete range of nursing care specializations which includes:

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nursing care services for ARTHRITIS 

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. The signs of arthritis are stiffness and pain, which worsen with age. The most common forms of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.


Osteoarthritis causes cartilage – the tough tissue that covers the ends of bones in which a joint is formed by them – to break down. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that targets the lining of joints (synovium).


Uric acid crystals, disorder or infections, such as lupus or psoriasis, can lead to different kinds of arthritis.


Treatments vary depending on the form of arthritis. Arthritis treatments’ goals would be to decrease symptoms and enhance the quality of life.

The most frequent symptoms and signs of gout include the joints. Based on the type of arthritis you have; the symptoms and signs might include:

  • Infection
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Reduced range of movement


There’s not any single reason for all kinds of arthritis. The cause or causes change based on the kind or the kind of arthritis.

Possible causes might include:

  • Injury, resulting in degenerative arthritis
  • abnormal metabolism, resulting in gout and pseudogout
  • inheritance, like in osteoarthritis
  • ailments, like in the arthritis of Lyme disease
  • immune system malfunction, like in RA and SLE

A few types have no cause and seem to be erratic in their development, although many kinds of arthritis are connected to a combination of variables.


Some individuals might be more likely to have arthritic problems. Additional elements, such as disease trauma, smoking, and physical injuries can interact to raise the risk of arthritis.


Diet and nourishment may play a part in treating arthritis and the risk of arthritis, even though certain foods, food sensitivities or intolerance aren’t known to induce arthritis.


As they can provoke an immune system reaction, foods that increase inflammation like diets and foods high in sugar may make symptoms worse.


Gout is 1 kind of arthritis that’s closely connected to diet, as it results due to elevated uric acid levels.

Foods which include foods, such as red wine, fish, and legumes, can cause a flare-up in gout

Nursing care plan for arthritis focuses on relieving symptoms and improving function. Before you decide what works best for you personally, you might have to try several distinct treatments or combinations of remedies.


  • Medications – Differ based on the sort of arthritis. Commonly used arthritis drugs include
  • Analgesics – These drugs decrease pain but have no impact on inflammation. Examples include acetaminophen tramadol along with narcotics containing oxycodone or hydrocodone.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) – NSAIDs reduce swelling and pain. Over the counter, NSAIDs include ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. Some kinds of NSAIDs are available by prescription. Oral NSAIDs may lead to stomach discomfort, and a few could raise your chance of stroke or heart attack. Some NSAIDs are available as gels or lotions, which may be rubbed on joints.
  • Counterirritants – Some varieties of lotions and lotions contain the ingredient which makes peppers, menthol or capsaicin. Rubbing at these training around the skin of your joint might interfere with the transmission of pain signals itself.
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) – Utilized as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, DMARDs prevent or slow your system. Examples include methotrexate and hydroxychloroquine.
  • Biologic response modifiers – Typically utilized with DMARDs response modifiers are drugs which target protein molecules which are involved in the immune reaction. Examples include etanercept and infliximab.
  • Corticosteroids – This type of medication, including cortisone and prednisone, inhibits the immune system and reduces inflammation. Corticosteroids are injected into the joint or may be taken.

Therapy – Physical therapy can be helpful for some kinds of arthritis. Exercises strengthen the muscles and may enhance the range of motion. Sometimes, braces or splints can be justified.


Surgery – If conservative measures do not help, surgery may be suggested by your physician, for example


  • Joint repair – On occasion, joint surfaces realigned or could be smoothed to decrease pain and enhance function. These kinds of processes may be performed via small incisions within the joint.
  • Joint replacement – This process removes your original joints and replaces it. Joints replaced are knees and hips.
  • Joint fusion – This process is used for smaller joints, like the ones from ankle the wrist and palms. It locks those endings together until they cure into a unit and removes the ends of both bones.

The most frequent problems which need to be addressed at the nursing care plan to the individual with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) contain soreness, sleep disturbance, fatigue, changed the mood, and restricted freedom. Advice is needed by the individual with RA concerning the disorder to create daily decisions that are self-management and to deal with a chronic illness.


Listed below are programs for nursing care of patient with arthritis and nursing identification for rheumatoid arthritis

  • Intense Pain
  • Impaired Physical Mobility
  • Disturbed Body Image
  • Self-Care Deficit
  • The risk for Impaired Home Care
  • Deficient Knowledge
  • Other Potential Nursing Care Plans

Nursing interventions for arthritis and Rationales:


  • Evaluate and manage chronic and severe pain: Pillow supports, Warm compresses to loosen rigid joints/relax muscles, Cold compresses to alleviate pain and decrease swelling, Administer PRN pain meds
  • The principal challenge of patients with RA is that the extreme pain and stiffness of the joints. Manage breakthrough pain.
  • Administer drugs appropriately
  • NSAIDs are given to decrease inflammation and alleviate pain
  • Steroids are frequently given to decrease inflammation and slow joint damage
  • DMARDs are disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs which are given to impede the development of RA and rescue the tissues and joints from permanent damage
  • Biologic representatives are biologic response modifiers and operate by targeting portions of the immune system that trigger inflammation.
  • Boost self-care – As the disorder progresses, it could be hard for individuals to do ADLs like feeding themselves or combing their hair; supply tools like eating utensils or toothbrushes with bigger grips to encourage patients to stay independent.
  • Cluster maintenance, encourage remainder
  • Fatigue is a Frequent symptom of RA. Cluster maintenance and encourage remainder as essential
  • Boost positive self-image – Patients with joint deformities can encounter a negative body image
  • Encourage action / Exercise – Patients fatigue easily, but daily exercise might help loosen joints. Encourage activity.
  • Nutrition and lifestyle instruction: wholesome diet, avoid alcohol, stop smoking. When individuals are in pain, they frequently wish to switch to comfort foods. Assist patients to make wholesome diet choices, avoiding smoking and alcohol.
  • Boost hydration.

Nursing care plan for gouty arthritis

Your physician or physical therapist can recommend exercises to you, which could incorporate aerobic exercise, strengthening exercises, exercises, and other actions as per the nursing care plan for gouty arthritis.


  • Range-of-motion exercises – These exercises improve your ability to move your joints and relieve stiffness. These exercises may include movements like rolling your shoulders forward or lifting your arms and backward. These exercises can be carried out.
  • Strengthening exercises – These exercises allow you to build and protect your joints. Weight training is a good illustration of a workout which may help you improve or keep your muscle power. Don’t forget to avoid exercising the identical muscle groups two days in a row. Rest a day involving your workouts and require an excess day or 2 in case your joints are swollen or painful. Two days per week is, although a program can help you jump start your progress when beginning a program.
  • Aerobic exercise – Endurance or aerobic exercises assist to your fitness. They give you more endurance and energy, help you control your weight and can improve your health. Examples of exercises which are easier on your joints include an elliptical machine, swimming and having. Try to work your way around 150 minutes of aerobic workout each week. If that is easier on your joints, you can divide that time. A few times a week is far better than no exercise, although moderate-intensity exercise is the most powerful and best if it is done most days of this week. However, your breathing rate will be raised to learn whether you’re in the moderate intensity exercise zone, then you need to have the ability to continue a conversation while exercising.
  • Other actions – Any motion will help. Daily activities like raking leaves, mowing the yard and walking the puppy count. Body consciousness exercises, such as mild forms of yoga or tai chi, avoid falls helps you improve balance, improve posture and coordination, and encourage comfort. Make sure you inform your teacher and prevent moves or positions that could lead to pain.

As patient recovery is ensured by postoperative nursing care plan for arthritis, postoperative care becomes a vital element for the curing process. Post-operative care for individuals might be easy and may be short term or long term or may entail procedure for a few.


In case of long term post-operative care, a patient is much better off within the warmth or home rather than in a hospital. Aiding this kind of care is something that we provide from our home care nursing services. As a part of our services, our group of nurses and other caregivers, would come and see you and offer care. In some cases, the nurse may remain with the individual for 24*7 monitoring and attention.

Conditions We Treat