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Home Nursing Care For Burn Patients

Our nurses have experience in providing a wide range of patient burns care services, which includes:

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Home Nursing Care For Burn Patients

Our nurses have experience in providing a wide range of patient burns care services, which includes:

[contact-form-7 id="21884" title="Final Form - Nursing Care - SEO"]

Nursing Care For Burn Patients

Numerous cases of burn injuries due to non-accidental or accidental events are reported each day. The World Health Organization estimates 180,000 deaths due to burns annually. At present, non-fatal burns are the primary cause of morbidity. But the bad news about burn injuries is that they are not completely curable. Adequate precautionary measures should be adopted worldwide to prevent life-threatening injuries due to burns.

 

Injuries of the skin and underlying body tissues caused by heat, radiation, electricity or chemicals are called BURN.

Effects of burn injuries are usually very disastrous, some of which can be as follows –

 

  • Blisters releasing fluids on rupture
  • Erythema can occur in a few cases causing dilation of blood vessels
  • Reddish patch all over the affected area, associated with mild to severe pain
  • Leathery texture and whitening of the skin in case of severe injuries, causing lack of sensation when touched
  • Bleeding from skin
  • Permanent loss of skin in the affected areas
  • Exposed skeletal structures due to severe injuries

The burn incidents reported on a regular basis are mostly accidental, though there might be few other causes as well. The main causes of burns are as follows:

 

Heat/Fire: 96 % burn cases are accounted from fire. Thermal burns can also be caused by hot fluids, steam etc. Burns caused by fumes or flames, penetrate the dermal layer causing long-term injuries. They can also cause respiratory disorders.

 

Electricity: Electrical burn injuries are caused due to the high voltage current passing across the whole body. It can be caused due to electrocution by short-circuited wires, lightening etc. In critical cases, cardiac arrests have been reported due to a high-voltage attack.

 

Chemicals: Chemical burn injuries are caused due to contacts with strong harmful chemicals like Hydrochloric acid, Sulphuric acid etc. These burns cause serious damage to tissues and are very serious in nature.

Burn injuries can be classified into three categories depending on the intensity of the damage. These are discussed below:

 

First degree burns: First degree burns are less critical and impact only the superficial layer of the epidermis. Causes due to a mild inflammatory response by the skin. First degree burn is characterized by reddishness of the skin, which later on swells and can be peeled off as thin flakes. They normally take less than 7 days to heal completely. Sunburn is a typical example of the first-degree burn.

 

Second degree burns: Second-degree burn is serious in nature than first degree burns and affects the deeper layers till papillary dermis. It causes painful, pinkish blisters and leads to loss of skin when peeled off. It takes more than 3 weeks to heal. Second-degree burn includes chemical burns.

 

Third degree burns: It causes serious damage to the dermis, subcutaneous tissues, and hair follicles and penetrates into all the layers of the epidermis. The skin turns leathery and thick and loses sensitivity to touch. These types of burn injuries are due to fire or electrocution. The damaged skin may not regenerate naturally and might require related surgeries or grafting.

The treatment of burns depends on the extent of the injury and the type of burn. Minor, less harmful burns can be treated with over-the-counter medications. However, major burns require an appropriate assessment of the wound and first aid care. OTC medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen can be given.

 

The treatment of severe burns also comprises medications, wound dressings therapy, surgery etc. The treatment aims at relieving pain, preventing infection, removing dead tissue, and reducing scarring. The treatment also aims to address the emotional needs of the patient and to help in regaining function.

 

Medications and wound healing products employed are pain and anxiety medications, antibiotics, burn creams and ointments and dressings. In some cases, water-based treatments such as ultrasound mist therapy can be given. Intravenous administration of fluids is done in order to prevent dehydration and organ failure.

 

A tetanus shot may also be recommended after a burn injury.

 

Physical and occupational therapy may be required in cases of joint involvement. It helps in augmenting muscle strength and coordination. It maintains the flexibility of the joint by helping the skin to stretch.

 

Surgical intervention: procedure such as insertion of a feeding tube, skin grafts, plastic surgery, tracheostomy (insertion of a hollow pipe into the airway passage).

 

Burns can be prevented by improving awareness, strengthening burn care, identifying and eliminating risk factors, encouraging burn prevention programs, and training of communities in first aid.

The goal of nurse is to deliver proper nursing care for burn patients, in order to prevent them from any infections. The nursing care plans for burns consists of five steps, which together facilitate the delivery of high-quality, individualized patient care. The five steps are as follows:

 

1.)    Assessment is the first step of the process and is a systemic approach to collecting information about the patient.

2.)    Diagnosis, the second step, is the nurse’s analysis of the assessment.

3.)    Outcomes/planning uses the two previous steps to determine patient goals, both long- and short term, desired outcomes and appropriate nursing interventions.

4.)    Implementation is the action portion of the nursing process and care plan.

5.)    Evaluation of both the patient’s response to interventions and progress toward achieving outcome goals is critical.

 

The nursing process is both interactive and dynamic. While creating the nursing care plan for burn patient, the nurse uses their theory, clinical expertise and nursing judgment. The nursing care plan for burn child would also be more or less the same, however more care needs to be taken as their skin is very sensitive

Exercise following a burn injury is an extremely important part of treatment. The goal of the exercise is to return to a person’s prior level of independence. Occupational and Physical Therapists work with patients to design individualized exercise programs. The exercises and activities include cardiovascular and strengthening exercises, stretching to prevent contractures of the joints, and play or leisure activities. It is very important to work on exercises every day and especially every morning after getting up. This will help stretch out the tight skin so that moving the rest of the day will be easier.

 

Common burn therapy exercises could include:

 

Head & face

 

  • Making funny faces.

 

Neck

 

  • Looking at each side
  • Looking up and down
  • Watching TV with the neck stretched over a pillow

 

Arms & hands

 

  • Jumping jacks
  • Lifting weights
  • Making fists
  • Practice writing
  • Holding a fork, spoon or knife
  • Holding and bouncing a small ball

 

Legs

 

  • Jumping jacks
  • Lifting weights
  • Walking or running
  • Riding a bike

 

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100,000+

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Cities We Operate In

Frequently Asked questions

  • When recovering from an illness or surgery, you look forward to returning to your own home and recuperating in an environment where you are comfortable, relaxed and safe. This is made possible with our in-home nursing services.
  • Care needs of those who are advanced in age and are unable to take care of themselves can be an overwhelming task for the rest of the family members. This often leads to the thought that a nursing home/care home is the only practical option left.
  • Complex care needs might make one want to consider moving to a nursing home to recover under the watch of trained professionals. Our in-home nursing services can help you recover in the comfort of your own home.
    Our in-home nursing services will help smoothen-out the transition from Hospital to Home
  • Recovery in familiar surroundings, surrounded by family, is proven to be quicker
  • Our nurses take care of your complex needs while helping you maintain your independence, lifestyle and daily routine.
  • Home care nursing helps those advanced in age too; for them home is where all their memories are, where their children and grand-children live. It is the place they feel needed and loved.
    With our home care nursing services, you can provide the best care for your loved one in the family home, without making any extra demands of your family members.

Care24’s trained nurses provide high quality home care nursing services for hospital like care at home. Whether you are looking for simple support in doing everyday tasks when recovering or need complex care that can be daunting for family members to undertake. Our nurses are highly trained medical professionals capable of providing hospital-like care in the comfort of your own home.

Our nurses are experienced in providing a complete range of nursing care specializations:

  • Taking medicines on time, monitoring blood pressure and other vitals, and fixing a diet plan
  • Oral and personal hygiene, feeding and bathroom assistance, or assistance with mobility
  • Caring and dressing wounds, handling IV infusions and other medical equipment, emptying catheter bags, colostomy bags and bed pans
  • Our nurses (females) or brothers (males) are highly qualified, experienced, and capable of providing hospital like nursing care in the comfort of your own home. All our Nurses go through a rigorous background check, a written exam and trained in all medical procedures that are listed below to ensure you get expert & professional in-home nursing services.
  • Our Nurses are medically qualified with BSc, GNM, or ANM degrees, and many years of experience with leading hospitals. Since each case is unique and may require specific skills, we also ensure that we identify and deploy which nurse will be best for your need.
  • Our nurses and brothers are discreet, and sensitive to the emotional and physical needs of the patient and other family members. Our Nurses are familiar with following a physician’s instructions when caring for a patient and empathic to offer encouragement and support to those who require our nursing care services.

You can fill a request form on our website or download our app and simply click a button to request a Nurse.

Provide us with medical details of the patient who needs nursing care, the tasks the nurse needs to do, the duration for which you need our in-home nursing services and your preferences of gender or language if any.

Our team will connect with you to confirm your requirement and send a nurse to take care of the patient. All our nurses are uniformed and carry identification to help you know that you are indeed letting a trained professional from Care24 into your home.

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