Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the blood sugar gets too high. Blood sugar/ glucose is the primary source of energy and comes from the food you eat. The pancreas produces insulin hormone that helps the glucose from the food you e[at into energy. When your pancreas fails to produce any insulin or can’t provide a sufficient amount of insulin, then the glucose in the body does not reach the body cells and remains in the body. And too much glucose in the body causes health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can manage diabetes and stay healthy.
Let’s first go through the types of diabetes an individual can have?
In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system kills the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, which causes diabetes by leaving the body without ample insulin to function normally. It is an autoimmune reaction because the body is attacking itself; children and young adults are the ones who mostly get affected by Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes happens due to any reason. It can be family history; you can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during adolescence. But, you will find this type of diabetes occurs mostly in middle-aged and older people. It is the most common type of diabetes. Physical inactivity, race, and specific health conditions like high blood pressure can also lead to developing type 2 diabetes. Your chance of getting Type 2 diabetes is high if you had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant.
Some of the other factors that lead to Type 2 diabetes include obesity, living an inactive lifestyle, Growing age, Poor diet.
Gestational diabetes occurs in some women when they are pregnant. This type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. Still, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Seldom diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is type 2 diabetes. The chances of developing this condition can be one of the following history of gestational diabetes, overweight, suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and others.
Causes of gestational diabetes may also be related to ethnicity – some ethnic groups have a higher risk of gestational diabetes.
Diabetes is caused by other reasons as well, like PCOD, Pancreatitis, Cushing Syndrome, and more.
In diabetes, having a balanced diet is essential eating foods, so let’s go through diabetic diet plan at you need to follow if you have any of the following diet:
The pancreas in Type 1 diabetes can no longer produce insulin; as a result, you will have high sugar levels in the body. Type 1 diabetes can lead to many complications related to kidney, nerve, eye-damage, and cardiovascular.
You should consume food with a low glycemic index. The glycemic index is a term that is used to measure the impact of diet on blood sugar. Food with a low glycemic index raises the blood sugar level, slowly leaving plenty of time for the body (or the injected insulin does) to respond. Foods to include in your diabetic diet plan are Fruits, vegetables, beans, lentils, whole wheat, brown rice, and more. Foods to avoid for type 1 diabetes diet plan are sodas, processed or refined sugar-containing foods like pastries, chips, cookies, pasta, etc. and high-fat animal products and meats.
In Type 2 diabetes, the problem is getting glucose to the cells. When sugar can’t get where it needs to be, it causes a spike in the blood sugar level in the bloodstream. It can further cause complications related to kidney, nerve, eye damage, and cardiovascular disease. Diabetic diet plan for type 2 diabetes involves complex carbohydrates such as brown rice, whole wheat quinoa, oatmeal, fruits, vegetable, beans, lentils, and more. Even foods with low glycemic index help with Type 2, so make sure to add them to your diet plan.
Gestational diabetes is caused when you are pregnant; for this reason, you must have a balanced diet; you need to eat an assortment of healthy foods. Inculcating the habit of reading food labels can help you make healthy choices when you shop. Gestational diabetes diet plan includes eating plenty of whole fruits and vegetables, consuming moderate amounts of lean proteins, healthy fats, also whole grains, such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice, plus starchy vegetables, such as corn and peas. Try to avoid foods that have much sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, and pastries from your diabetic diet plan.
Also, remember to eat healthy by eating what is readily available in your grocery store. If you live in India, stick to Indian food for the diabetic plan. The Indian diabetic diet plan will give all the nutrients necessary. Don’t worry; maintain a healthy diet for a better life in the future.