A coma is a medical condition in which the patient is in a long state of deep unconsciousness, something very similar to deep sleep, but with more complications. It is usually caused by some form of severe injury or some medical condition.
It is a type of neurological emergency situation, in which the patient suffers a failure of the neuronal systems that help to take care of arousal and awareness in a person. As soon as one gets into coma their loved ones start looking for the best hospital for coma patients so that they are properly taken care and treated well.
12 Types Of Medical Equipment For Coma Patients To Use
How to take care of coma patient at home is one of the important questions in everyone’s mind. Below tips will help you to treat coma patient
The doctor and the patient’s care team will make a complete assessment of the patient’s overall health and the condition and intensity of the coma. Based on the same, they will recommend the equipment that will be needed at home once the patient is discharged from hospital care and is sent home to recuperate. Here is some equipment that can help for a coma patient care at home:
Vibrating Machine And Catheter
Endotracheal Tube Or Trach
An endotracheal tube, also known as a trach, is a type of tube that is used for those patients who have a lot of secretion in their lungs or who have been on a ventilator for a long time. It is placed in the trachea, or the windpipe, and is used to help the patient to cough out the phlegm. It also helps the home nurse to suction out the lungs of the patient. This is not a permanent device that is placed in but can be taken out once the patient starts to show improvement.
Foley Catheter For Bowel
Most patients who are in a coma are not able to have any control over their bowel movements. In such a case, a catheter is used which allows the patient to pass urine or stool and makes it easier for the home nurse to clean away the same. This type of catheter also helps to measure the accurate amount of urine that a patient passes.
Many patients who stay home while being a coma are also hooked on to a monitor screen, which is a type of screen that helps the care staff to keep a note of the patient’s heart rate, breathing, level of blood pressure as well as the intracranial pressure.
EKG Lead Wires
Anti-Embolism Stockings Or TEDS
Sequential Compression Stocking Or Kendalls
Additional Equipment Required For Bedridden Patients
In addition to the medical equipment for coma patients listed above, here is a list of equipment that is specifically designed for those who have to stay on the bed and can be of great help.
- Bed Pads And Under Pads: A bed pad or underpad is a type of underlining that you can place under the main mattress on the bed. These are especially helpful to soak up any wetness that can occur as a result of any type of accidental spills or urine leak
- Pressure Relief Mattress: A pressure relief air mattress is a type of mattress that is specially designed for patients who are bedridden. It is a very soft mattress and helps to spread the entire body’s weight evenly. It also helps to prevent and ease any bed sores.
- IV Stand: This is especially important for those patients who are put on a drip and require constant IV medication. The stand comes with wheels so that you can easily move it next to the patient’s bed.
- Adult Diapers: These come in various forms such as pant form or regular diapers, disposable or cloth ones and with a varying amount of absorbency. It is important to check that the diaper is the right fit as else it could cause leakage and result in diaper rash and sores. You can read all about adult diapers here.
There is a host of equipment available that can help your loved one be comfortable while being in bed, and also make it easier for the caregiver to assist on a daily basis. Find out what will work best for your needs.