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Nursing Care Plan For COPD Patients At Home.



Nursing Care Plan For COPD
Patients At Home.





About Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. It includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD makes breathing difficult for those who have this disease. Millions more people suffer from COPD, but have not been diagnosed and are not being treated. Although there is no cure for COPD, it can be treated.

Symptoms of COPD include:
  • Frequent coughing or wheezing.
  • Excess phlegm, mucus, or sputum production.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Trouble taking a deep breath.
  • Risk Factors Of COPD
  • Exposure to air pollution.
  • Breathing secondhand smoke.
  • Working with chemicals, dust, and fumes.
  • A genetic condition called Alpha-1 deficiency.
  • A history of childhood respiratory infection.

Treatment of COPD requires a careful and thorough evaluation by a physician. COPD treatment can alleviate symptoms, decrease the frequency and severity of exacerbations, and increase exercise tolerance. Treatment options that your physician may consider include:

Quit smoking. For people who smoke, the most important part of treatment is smoking cessation.
Avoid tobacco smoke and other air pollutants at home and at work.
Ask your doctor about pulmonary rehabilitation, which is a personalized treatment program that teaches COPD management strategies to improve quality of life.

COPD Care At Home

Nursing Care Plan

  • Monitor the color of the skin & mucous membrane
  • Proper medication administration
  • Assess the patient's vital signs
  • Maintenance of patients hygiene and personal care

Attendant Services

  • Our attendant helps the patient to take appropriate medications at the proper time
  • Preparing healthy meals according to the nutritional plan of the patient
  • Assisting to the bathroom
  • Maintain patient hygiene and personal care

Physiotherapist At Home

  • Bronchodilators : To dilate or relax the muscles on the airways
  • Breathing exercises - The diaphragmatic breathing with decreased upper chest movements and relaxed shoulder girdle
  • Thoracic mobility exercises are given along with shoulder girdle movements
  • Free active exercises for the whole spine to prevent kyphosis and fixed inspiration

When should I call my healthcare provider if I have COPD symptoms?

If you’re having any of the signs or symptoms of COPD, don’t wait for your next appointment to call your provider. Report these symptoms promptly, even if you don’t feel sick. Don’t wait for symptoms to become so severe that you need to seek emergency care. If you notice your symptoms early, your provider might change your treatment or medications to relieve your symptoms. (Never change or stop taking your medications without first talking to your healthcare provider.