Things To Know About Anemia In Women

Anemia occurs when there is a reduced number of flowing red blood cells in the body. It is the most common blood disease in the general population. 

Signs can include headaches, chest pains, and pale skin.

 It is the result of other conditions interfering with the body’s ability to produce healthy RBC’s or it’s number increases abnormally due to the RBC’s breakdown or loss. 

Facts on Anemia

  • 24.8 percent of the world’s population suffers from Anemia. 
  • Pre-school children are profoundly affected by the 
  • There are 400+ types of Anemia identified
  • Anemia is not limited to people and can affect cats and dogs.

Symptoms

There are many potential causes of Anemia.

The most obvious symptom of all types of Anemia is a feeling of fatigue and a lack of energy.

Other common symptoms may include:

  • dullness of skin
  • fast or uneven heartbeat
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • headache
  • light-headedness

Causes

There is no single cause of Anemia, following are the reasons.

Below are the common causes of the main types of Anemia:

Anemia includes various other causes: 

  • gastrointestinal ailments, such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, cancer.
  • use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin and ibuprofen
  • menstruation and period blood loss

2) Faulty or decreased red blood cell production

Several diseases can change the bone marrow, including leukemia, where too many irregular white blood cells are created. This disrupts the average production of red blood cells.

Other anemias caused by reduced or damaged RBCs include: 

  • Sickle cell anemia: Red blood cells are deformed and break down abnormally quickly. The crescent-shaped blood cells can also get cemented in shorter blood vessels, inducing pain.
  • Iron-deficiency anemia: Too few red blood cells because not adequate iron is existing in the body. This can be because of, menstruation, a poor diet, normal blood donation, strength training, certain digestive diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, surgical extraction of a section of the gut, and some foods.
  • Bone marrow and stem cell problems: Aplastic anemia, for example, occurs when less or none stem cells are present. Thalassemia occurs when red blood cells cannot develop and grow well.
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia: Vitamin B-12 and folate are both necessary for the creation of red blood cells. If either is deficient, red blood cell generation will be too weak. Examples include megaloblastic Anemia and harmful Anemia.

Immoderate hemolysis (red blood cell breakdown) can occur for many reasons, including:

  • infections
  • spider and snake venom
  • severe hypertension
  • vascular grafts and prosthetic heart valves
  • blood clotting disorders
  • Spleen enlargement

Treatment of Anemia

There are various treatments for Anemia. The main aim here is to increase the count of red blood cells. This automatically increases the amount of oxygen in the blood. Also, the treatment depends upon the severity and condition of anemia. 

  • Anemia due to iron deficiency: Iron supplements (which are available online) or any dietary and regulatory changes. The bleeding must be found and stopped, if the condition is due to loss of blood.
  • Anemia caused by vitamin deficiency: Treatments include B-12 shots and dietary supplements.
  • Thalassemia: Medicine includes folic acid supplementation, removal of the spleen, and, sometimes, blood transfusions and bone marrow transplants.
  • Anemia due to chronic disease: Anemia associated with a chronic, serious underlying condition. Yet, there is no specific treatment for this and the patient needs to focus on the hidden state.
  • Aplastic Anemia: The subject will receive plasma transfusions or bone marrow transplantations.
  • Sickle cell anemia: Treatment includes, intravenous fluids pain relief, and oxygen. There may also be medicines, folic acid additions, and blood transference. A cancer drug known as Hydrea is also used.
  • Hemolytic anemia: Patients should avoid medication that may worsen it, and they may take therapy for infections. Plasmapheresis, or blood-filtering, might be required in some cases.