The most common type of complication that can be expected from an open wound is the risk of infection. Some symptoms that indicate this infection are- thick yellow or green or brown pus or pus with a foul odour etc. Some of the open wounds can be treated at home itself while others might need a doctor.
Be it a minor or major injury, it is significant to understand the type of wound and get the dressing done accordingly. It is advisable to call in for a doctor if the wound causes bleeding for a long period of time. Basically, the fastest ways to heal an open wound are by using elevation and direct pressure. Very few injuries heal without bandages but mostly these wounds need urgent care at home and the preliminary stages of care are important as necrosis interfere with the healing process. So an instant home care solution is recommended.
. -Transparent-- Transparent dressings are thin and allow moisture to get transferred. Also since it is transparent it allows viewing the wound and the healing process better and is effective for IV securement.
Hydrogel dressings- These are used for minimum exudating wounds and wounds with dead tissues. It provides moisture to the wound and assists the breakdown of dry and dead tissues and hence promotes cell growth.
Calcium Alginates- From moderate to intensely exudating wounds these type of dressings are great for arterial ulcers as well as venous.
Puncture- These types of wounds are caused by pointed or sharp substances such as teeth nails etc. Such wounds generally do not cause much bleeding and close up by themselves. But these are often prone to infection and need to be cured in time.
Abrasion- These kinds of wounds cause less bleeding and occur due to damages in the skin and exhibiting a partial thickness. These wounds mostly occur while the exposed skin gets in contact with a rough substance, resulting in rubbing off, of the upper layer of the epidermis.
Avulsion- It is a type of wound or injury wherein the soft skin is partially or completely torn off as a result of trauma or surgery. Such wounds generally cause damages to deeper tissues along with bleeding. Sometimes a great external force might completely tear apart a body part (a bone/ finger etc).
It is significant to follow the proper method of cleaning, washing and applying ointment to the cut or damaged skin to shut it well. The skin after cleansed should be covered with a well medicated adhesive bandage. Skin cells, as well as petroleum gels, help to shut the injuries leaving no marks of the scars.
Wounds – whether closed or open undergo different phases of healing. Small injuries or cuts heal comparatively faster than injuries caused by accidents or surgery etc. The smallest ones follow three consecutive ways of healing, namely: bleeding, clotting and then scab formation. Wounds that are of greater magnitude undergo a process of repair of tissue and tissue reformation.
New tissue growth occurs after the swelling decreases and it is observed to grow over the wounded area letting the exposed wound to disappear gradually. If it is an intense kind of wound, it will take more time to heal. The formation of a scar is basically the final visible step of healing of the wound. Though the new skin feels less flexible at the beginning, it gets comfortable with time and these scars normally fade away on their own.
On observing odour, swelling, redness or fever one must approach a doctor for further care to be taken of and faster healing processes.